Viviparus mamillatus (Küster, 1852), and partial congruence between the morphology-, allozyme- and DNA-based phylogeny in European Viviparidae (Caenogastropoda: Architaenioglossa)
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Department of Malacology, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University
Department of Comparative Anatomy, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University
Department of Animal Anatomy, Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture in Krakow
Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Montenegro
Andrzej Falniowski   

Department of Malacology, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Cracow, Poland
Submission date: 2018-12-04
Final revision date: 2019-01-16
Acceptance date: 2019-02-14
Publication date: 2019-03-19
Folia Malacol. 2019;27(1):43–51
Shells and three DNA loci of Viviparus mamillatus (Küster, 1852), V. contectus (Millet, 1813), V. acerosus Bourguignat 1862 and V. viviparus (Linnaeus, 1758) were analysed. Despite slight morphological differences between the nominal species, and the near-absence of differences in nuclear 18SrRNA (18S) and histone 3 (H3) loci, mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) confirmed species distinctness of all but V. mamillatus. The latter should be synonymised with V. contectus. The comparison of COI-based phylogeny with the earlier, allozyme- and morphology-based, phylogenies suggests that V. contectus and V. viviparus are the most distantly related, in the DNA tree V. acerosus is closer to V. contectus, while in the allozyme and morphology-based tree – to V. viviparus.
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