An invasion in progress – Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae) in Poland
More details
Hide details
Institute of Zoology, Poznań University of Life Sciences
Submission date: 2019-02-03
Final revision date: 2019-07-27
Acceptance date: 2019-08-07
Publication date: 2019-10-30
Corresponding author
Maria Urbańska   

Institute of Zoology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
Folia Malacol. 2019;27(4):327-335
We summarise the current knowledge about the Polish population of the Chinese pond mussel. At least 53 locations of the Chinese pond mussel have been confirmed in Poland taking into consideration a literature survey and our own research data comprising new unreported sites. S. woodiana is mostly present in fish ponds (69.8%) but for the last few years it has been discovered in lowland rivers, canals and wetlands, too. Considering these population figures the current data about the distribution of S. woodiana seem to be underestimated. The spreading rate described in the literature and already available knowledge about S. woodiana's biology and its resistance to the environmental conditions indicate that the species should be consider as a really risky invasive species. We suggest that monitoring of S. woodiana presence and abundance should be conducted.
Afanasiev S. A., Zdanowski B., Kraszewski A. 2001. Growth and population structure of the mussel Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia, Unionidae) in the heated Konin lakes system. Archives of Polish Fisheries 9: 123–131.
Anderson L. G., White P. C. L., Stebbing P. D., Stentiford G. D., Dunn A. M. 2014. Biosecurity and vector behaviour: Evaluating the potential threat posed by anglers and canoeists as pathways for the spread of invasive non-native species and pathogens. PLoS ONE 9: e92788.
Andrzejewski W., Pelczyk M., Urbańska M., Gierszal H. 2012a. Sclerochronology in determining the age of Sinanodonta woodiana. In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). The 27th Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 20: 43–71 (p. 46).
Andrzejewski W., Urbańska M., Gierszal H. 2012b. Szczeżuja chińska w zbiornikach sąsiadujących z lasami. Studia i Materiały CPEL 33: 345–350.
Andrzejewski W., Urbańska M., Mazurkiewicz J., Gierszal H., Golski J. 2013. The current invasion status of Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1934) in Poland – study of habitat parameters. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 42: 173–180.
Benkő-Kiss A., Ferincz Á., Kováts N., Paulovits G. 2013. Spread and distribution pattern of Sinanodonta woodiana in Lake Balaton. Knowledge & Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 408: 09 (p1–p7).
Böhme M. 1998. Ein neuer Fundort der Chinesischen Teichmuschel (Sinanodonta woodiana) in Mitteleuropa. Heldia 2: 166.
Bonk M., Bobrek R. 2017. Kolejne stwierdzenia szczeżui chińskiej w dorzeczu Wisły. Wszechświat 118: 221–223.
Chmielewski S., Romanowski J., Strużyński W., Winczek M. 2017. Stanowiska szczeżui chińskiej Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Eulamellibranchia: Unionidae) w środkowej Wiśle. Kulon 22: 149–155.
Cichy A., Urbańska M., Marszewska A., Andrzejewski W., Żbikowska E. 2016. The invasive Chinese pond mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) as a host for native symbionts in European waters. Journal of Limnology 75: 288–296.
Corsi I., Pastore A. M., Lodde A., Palmerini E., Castagnolo L., Focardi S. 2007. Potential role of cholinesterases in the invasive capacity of the freshwater bivalve, Anodonta woodiana (Bivalvia: Unionacea): A comparative study with the indigenous species of the genus, Anodonta sp. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology 145: 413–419.
Domagała J., Cieślik Ł., Pilecka-Rapacz M. 2013. Chinese clam (Sinanodonta woodiana) in the National Park Ujście Warty. In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). The 29th Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 21: 183–203 (p. 188).
Domagała J., Labecka A. M., Migdalska B., Pilecka-Rapacz M. 2007. Colonisation of the channels of Międzyodrze (north-western Poland) by Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Polish Journal of Natural Sciences 22: 679–690.
Domagała J., Labecka A. M., Soroka M., Zdanowski B., Skrzypkowska A. 2004. Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) from the heated Konin lakes matured in aquaria. In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). The 20th Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 12: 83–106 (pp. 86–87).
Domagała J., Migdalska B., Labecka A., Pilecka-Rapacz M. 2003. Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) na Pomorzu Zachodnim. Acta Biologica Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego 10: 199–202.
Douda K., Vrtílek M., Slavík O., Reichard M. 2012. The role of host in explaining the invasion success of the freshwater mussel Anodonta woodiana in Europe. Biological Invasions 14: 127–137.
Douda K., Liu H-Z., Yu D., Rouchet R., Liu F., Tang Q-Y., Methling C., Smith C., Reichard M. 2017a. The role of local adaptation in shaping fish-mussel coevolution. Freshwater Biology 62: 1858–1868.
Douda K., Velíšek J., Kolářová J., Rylková K., Slavík O., Horký P., Langrová I. 2017b. Direct impact of invasive bivalve (Sinanodonta woodiana) parasitism on freshwater fish physiology: evidence and implications. Biological Invasions 19: 989–999.
Du L., Li Y., Chen X., Yang J. 2011. Effect of eutrophication on molluscan community composition in the Lake Dianchi (China, Yunnan). Limnologica 41: 213–219.
Dzierżyńska-Białończyk A., Maćkiewicz T., Gajewska J., Kobak J. 2018. Mechanisms and impact of differential fouling of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha on different unionid bivalves. Freshwater Biology 63: 687–699.
Eszer O., Urbańska M., Andrzejewski W., Gierszal H. 2016. Is sclerochronology a waste of time? In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). The 31st Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 24: 31–51 (p. 36).
European Commission 2011. Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 (COM/2011/244 final).
Fabbri R., Landi L. 1999. Nuove segnalazioni di molluschi, crostacei e pesci esotici in Emilia Romagna e prima segnalazioni di Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) in Italia (Mollusca Bivalvia, Crustacea Decapoda, Osteichthyes Cypriniform). Quaderno di Studi e Notizie di Storia Naturale della Romagna 19: 9–20.
Ferreira-Rodríguez N., Akiyama Y. B., Aksenova O. V., Araujo R., Barnhart M. C., Bespalaya Y. V., Bogan A. E., Bolotov I. N., Budha P. B., Clavijo C., Clearwater S. J., Darrigran G., Do V. T., Douda K., Froufe E., Gumpinger C., Henrikson L., Humphrey C. L., Johnson N. A., Klishko O., Klunzinge M. W., Kovitvadhi S., Kovitvadhi U., Lajtner J., Lopes-Lima M., Moorkens E. A., Nagayama S., Nagel K.-O., Nakano M., Negishi J. N., Ondina P., Oulasvirta P., Prié V., Riccardi N., Rudzīte M., Sheldon F., Sousa R., Strayer D. L., Takeuchi M., Taskinen J., Teixeira A., Tiemann J. S., Urbańska M., Varandas S., Vinarski M. V., Wicklow B. J., Zając T., Vaughan C. C. 2019. Research priorities for freshwater mussel conservation assessment. Biological Conservation 231: 77–87.
25. 2013. Muszla. Available online at (accessed 5th January 2019).
Gąbka M., Dolata P. T., Antonowicz R. 2007. New localities of the Chinese clam Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia, Unionidae) in the Barycz River Valley (Wielkopolska Great Poland Region). Folia Malacologica 15: 71–74.
Hulme P. E. 2007. Biological invasions in Europe: drivers, pressures, states, impacts and responses. In: Hester R., Harrison R. M. (eds). Biodiversity under Threat. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 56–80.
Konečný A., Popa O. P., Bartáková V., Douda K., Bryja J., Smith C., Popa L. O., Reichard M. 2018. Modelling the invasion history of Sinanodonta woodiana in Europe: Tracking the routes of a sedentary aquatic invader with mobile parasitic larvae. Evolutionary Applications 11: 1975–1989.
Konieczny P., Tomaszewska-Gras J., Andrzejewski W., Mikołajczak B., Urbańska M., Mazurkiewicz J., Stangierski J. 2016. Dsc and electrophoretic studies on protein denaturation of Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834). Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 126: 69–75.
Kraszewski A. 2006a. Morphological variation in the Chinese clam Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in the heterogeneous conditions of the Konin heated lake system in central Poland. Folia Malacologica 14: 11–23.
Kraszewski A. 2006b. Conditions for the growth and development of the population of the new clam species to Poland Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in antropogenicaly transformed ecosystem. Polish Journal of Natural Sciences 20: 325–343.
Kraszewski A. 2007. The continuing expansion of Sinanodonta woodiana in Poland and Europe. Folia Malacologica 15: 65–69.
Kraszewski A., Zdanowski B. 2001a. The distribution and abundance of the Chinese mussel Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in the heated Konin lakes. Archives of Polish Fisheries 9: 253–265.
Kraszewski A., Zdanowski B. 2001b. Chińskie małże – Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) w systemie podgrzanych jezior Konińskich. Komunikaty Rybackie 5: 20–21.
Kraszewski A., Zdanowski B. 2007. Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Mollusca) – a new mussel species in Poland: occurrence and habitat preferences in a heated lake system. Polish Journal of Ecology 55: 337–356.
Królak E., Pyka J. P., Zdanowski B. 2007. Heavy metals in the Konin Lake System. Archives of Polish Fisheries 15: 273–286.
Królak E., Zdanowski B. 2001. The bioaccumulation of heavy metals by the mussels Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) and Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.) in the heated Konin lakes. Archives of Polish Fisheries 9: 229–237.
Królak E., Zdanowski B. 2007. Phosphorus and calcium in the mussels Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea) and Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.) in the Konin Lake System. Archives of Polish Fisheries 15: 247–446.
Labecka A. M. 2009. Cykl płciowy zawleczonych gatunków małży Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834), Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) oraz Corbicula fluminalis (O. F. Müller, 1774) (Mollusca: Bivalvia) z kanału zrzutowego wód pochłodniczych Elektrowni Dolna Odra. PhD Thesis, University of Szczecin, Szczecin.
Labecka A. M., Domagała J. 2018. Continuous reproduction of Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1824) females: an invasive mussel species in a female-biased population. Hydrobiologia 810: 57–76.
Labecka A. M., Domagała J. 2019. Two pathways for spermatogenesis in Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies (eyz: 1–11) (in print).
Lajtner J., Crnčan P. 2011. Distribution of the invasive bivalve Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in Croatia. Aquatic Invasions 6 (Supplement 1): S119–S124.
Marzec M. 2016. Nowe stwierdzenie szczeżui chińskiej Sinanodonta woodiana w Narwi. Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą 72: 228–232.
Mizera T., Urbańska M. 2003. A record of Anodonta woodiana (Lea) from the Sierakowski Landscape Park. In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). Conference report: the 19th Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 11: 103–114 (p. 110).
Najberek K., Solarz W., Król W., Pępkowska-Król A., Strzałka M. 2013. New location of the Chinese mussel Sinanodonta woodiana in Przeręb ponds near the town of Zator. Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą 68: 155–158.
Najberek K., Strzałka M., Solarz W. 2011. Alien Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) and protected Anodonta cygnea (Lineaeus, 1758) (Bivalvia: Unionidae) in the Spytkowice pond complex. Folia Malacologica 19: 31–33.
Niero I. 2003. Sulla presenza in Veneto e centro Italia di Anodonta woodiana woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia 54: 29–33.
Ożgo M., Bogucki Z., Janulis E. 2010. Sinanodonta woodiana in a natural water body in the buffer zone of the Słowiński National Park. In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). The 26th Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 18: 123–145 (p. 139).
Paunovic M., Csányi B., Simic V., Stojanovic B., Cakic P. 2006. Distribution of Anodonta (Sinanodonta) woodiana (Lea, 1834) in inland waters of Serbia. Aquatic Invasions 1: 154–160.
Pou-Rovira Q., Araujo R., Boix D., Clavero M., Feo C., Ordeix M., Zamora L. 2009. Presence of the alien Chinese pond mussel Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia, Unionidae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Graellsia 65: 67–70.
51. 2016. Uśmiech wielkiej szczeżui. Available online at (accessed 5th January 2019).
Przeł (Portal Ziemi Chrzanowskiej) 2012. Trzebinia. Znalazł w stawie szczeżuję. Available online at (accessed 3rd January 2019).
Romanowski J., Winczek M. 2017. The musk rat Ondatra zibethicus discovers the Chinese clam Sinanodonta woodiana in the Vistula in Warsaw. In: Pokryszko B. M. (ed.). The 32nd Polish Malacological Seminar (seminar report and abstracts). Folia Malacologica 25: 37–67 (p. 61).
Sárkány-Kiss A. 1986. Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) a new species in Romania (Bivalvia, Unionacea). Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 28: 15–17.
Sîrbu I., Sárkány-Kiss A., Sîrbu M., Benedyk A. M. 2005. The Unionidae from Transylvania and neighboring regions (Romania). Heldia 6(3/4): 183–192.
Soroka M. 2000. Age structure and sex ratio of Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae) from Konin reservoirs (C Poland). Folia Malacologica 8: 239–244.
Soroka M. 2005. Genetic variability among freshwater mussel Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae) populations recently introduced in Poland. Zoological Science 22: 1137–1144.
Soroka M. 2010. Characteristics of mitochondrial DNA of unionid bivalves (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Unionidae). II. Comparison of complete sequences of maternally inherited mitochondrial genomes of Sinanodonta woodiana and Unio pictorum. Folia Malacologica 18: 189–209.
Soroka M., Urbańska M., Andrzejewski W. 2014. Chinese pond mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia): origin of the Polish population and GenBank data. Journal of Limnology 73: 454–458.
Soroka M., Zdanowski B. 2001. Morphological and genetic variability of the population of Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) occurring in the heated Konin lakes system. Archives of Polish Fisheries 9: 239–252.
Spyra A., Jędraszewska N., Strzelec M., Krodkiewska M. 2016. Further expansion of the invasive mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in Poland – establishment of a new locality and population features. Knowledge & Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 417: 41 (1–11).
Spyra A., Strzelec M., Lewin I., Krodkiewska M., Michalik-Kucharz A., Gara M. 2012. Characteristics of Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) populations in fish ponds (Upper Silesia, Southern Poland) in relation to environmental factors. International Review of Hydrobiology 97: 12–25.
Stangierski S., Andrzejewski W., Tomaszewska-Gras J., Grześ B., Konieczny P., Urbańska M. 2018. Effect of washing on the quality of surimi-like preparation obtained from soft tissue of freshwater mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834). Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology 27: 961–974.
Szlauer-Łukaszewska A., Andrzejewski W., Gierszal H., Urbańska M. 2017. Co-occurrence of Sinanodonta woodiana with native Unionidae in the lower Oder. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 46: 244–248.
TVN 2018. Maja w Ogrodzie. Ogródek jak pudełeczko (odc. 677/ HGTV odc. 15 seria 2018). Available online at (accessed 3rd January 2019).
Urbańska M., Andrzejewski W. 2014. Current status of Sinadonta woodiana (Lea 1834) in Poland. In: Biscarini Ch., Pierleoni A., Nasell-Flores L. (eds). Lakes: the mirrors of the Earth. Balancing ecosystem integrity and human wellbeing. Special Session – Alien species: an increasing threat to freshwater ecosystems? Proceedings of the 15th World Lake Conference, 1–5 Sept. Perugia, Italy. Vol. 2. Science4 Press, Perugia: 87–90.
Urbańska M., Andrzejewski W., Białowąs H. 2011. Małż gigant. Przegląd Rybacki 3: 24.
Urbańska M., Andrzejewski W., Gierszal H., Golski J. 2018. Are there any differences in the fouling of the native and invasive Unionidae by Dreissena polymorpha? Inland Waters 9: 73–77.
Urbańska M., Andrzejewski W., Łakomy A., Gierszal H. 2013. Predation on alien species: a case of oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) foraging on Sinanodonta woodiana – an alien pond mussel. Polish Journal of Ecology 61: 175–177.
Urbańska M., Łakomy A., Andrzejewski W., Mazurkiewicz J. 2012. The story of one clam. Probably the oldest location of the Chinese pond mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia, Unionidae) in Poland. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 41: 41–45.
Urbańska M., Ożgo M., Andrzejewski W., Gierszal H. 2016. Stranger among indigenous – is coexistence of Sinanodonta woodiana with native Unionidae possible? International Congress of Unitas Malacologica, World Congress of Malacology, 18–24 July 2016, Penang, Malaysia.
Urbańska M., Kirschenstein M., Obolewski K., Ożgo M. 2019. Silent invasion: Sinanodonta woodiana successfully reproduces and possibly endangers native mussels in the north of its invasive range in Europe. International Review of Hydrobiology 2019: (1–10).
73. (Twoje miasto w sieci) 2016. Karpie, amury i … małże. Takie cuda w andrychowskim stawie. Available online at (accessed 3rd January 2019).
Waldon-Rudzionek B., Rudzionek B. 2016. Nowe stanowisko szczeżui chińskiej Sinonodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) w dolinie Noteci (Wielkopolska). Przegląd Przyrodniczy 27: 105–106.
Watters T. 1997a. A synthesis and review of the expanding range of the Asian freshwater mussel Anodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Veliger 40: 152–156.
Watters G. T. 1997b. Individual-based models of mussel-fish interactions: a cautionary study. In: Cummins K. S., Buchanan A. C., Mayer C. A., Naimo T. J. (eds). Proceedings of a UMRCC symposium. Conservation and management of freshwater mussels. II: Initiatives for the Future. St. Louis, Missouri, USA, October 16–18, 1995. Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee, Rock Island, USA: 45–62.
Wojton A., Kasprzyk I., Kościółek P., Pilch K. 2012. The occurrence of the protected swan mussel Anodonta cygnea (Linnaeus, 1758) and the invasive alien Chinese mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in the fish ponds in the Wisłok River Basin (SE Poland). Folia Malacologica 20: 135–138.
Woźnicki P., Lewandowska R., Brzuzan P., Ziomek E., Bardega R. 2004. The level of DNA damage and the frequency of micronuclei in haemolymph of freshwater mussels (Anadonta woodiana) exposed to benzo[a]pyrene. Acta Toxicologica 12: 41–45.
79. 2017. Szczeżuja wielka. Ale wielka! Wakacyjne znalezisko z Podlasia. Available online at,75400,22146045,szczezuja-wielka-ale-wielka-wakacyjne-znalezisko-z-podlasia.html (accessed 4th January 2019).
Yuryshynets V., Krasutska N. 2009. Records of the parasitic worm Aspidogaster conchicola (Baer 1827) in the Chinese pond mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea 1834), Aquatic Invasions 4: 491–494.
Zając T., Pociecha A., Wilk-Woźniak E., Zając K., Bielański W., Ciszewski W., Florek J., Gołąb M., Guzik M., Lipińska A., Myszka R., Najberek K., Potoczek M., Walusiak E., Szczęsny B. 2013. Analiza stanu starorzecza na przykładzie kompleksu starorzeczy „Wiśliska” – obszar Natura 2000 PLH 120084. Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą 68: 116–133.
Zdanowski B. 1996. Nieznana szczeżuja (Anodonta sp.) w podgrzanych jeziorach konińskich. XII Krajowe Seminarium Malakologiczne, Łódź, 25–27.04.1996, Abstracts: 43.
Zespół Opolskich Parków Krajobrazowych 2012. Nowy obcy gatunek stwierdzony na terenie SPK. Available online at (accessed 3rd January 2019).
Żurawlew P. 2018. Nowe stanowisko szczeżui chińskiej Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae) w Wielkopolsce. Przegląd Przyrodniczy 29: 115–118.
Patterns of growth, brooding and offspring size in the invasive mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) (Bivalvia: Unionidae) from an anthropogenic heat island
Anna Labecka, Marcin Czarnoleski
Distribution and potential impacts of non-native Chinese pond mussels Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in Bavaria, Germany
Andreas Dobler, Philipp Hoos, Juergen Geist
Biological Invasions
Functional interactions of non-native aquatic fauna with European freshwater bivalves: implications for management
Juergen Geist, Alia Benedict, Andreas Dobler, Rebecca Hoess, Philipp Hoos
Genetic comparisons of the invasive pond mussel Sinanodonta woodiana from wild and pet shop populations in Germany
Alia Benedict, Ralph Kuehn, Bernhard Stoeckle, Juergen Geist
Review of the globally invasive freshwater mussels in the genus Sinanodonta Modell, 1945
Karel Douda, Alexandra Zieritz, Barbora Vodáková, Maria Urbańska, Ivan N. Bolotov, Jana Marková, Elsa Froufe, Arthur E. Bogan, Manuel Lopes-Lima
Recent and future distribution of the alien Chinese pond mussel Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) on the European continent
Knut Mehler, Anna M. Labecka, Ioan Sîrbu, Natasha Y. Flores, Rob S. E. W. Leuven, Frank P. L. Collas
Aquatic Invasions
Environmental niche modelling of the Chinese pond mussel invasion in Europe under climate change scenarios
Ilya V. Vikhrev, Ivan N. Bolotov, Mikhail Y. Gofarov, Alexander V. Kondakov, Ekaterina S. Konopleva, Darya V. Kruk
Ecologica Montenegrina
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top