SHORT COMMUNICATION
First record of aquatic behaviour in an endemic terrestrial snail Indrella ampulla (Benson, 1850) (Gastropoda: Helicarionoidea: Ariophantidae)
 
More details
Hide details
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ashwin Leyland   

553, 2nd Main Road, RBI Layout, JP Nagar 7th Phase, 560078, Bangalore, India
Submission date: 2021-12-30
Final revision date: 2022-02-19
Acceptance date: 2022-02-21
Online publication date: 2022-03-05
Publication date: 2022-03-05
 
Folia Malacol. 2022;1(30):60–63
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Indrella ampulla (Benson) is a highly endemic species found in the Western Ghats of India which has been regarded as a terrestrial or arboreal snail since its initial description. We report the first evidence of I. ampulla exhibiting the ability to survive and move underwater. This record could change our understanding of the species and will be beneficial to conservation and research on the species which are less likely to be restricted by water barriers than previously thought.
 
REFERENCES (22)
1.
Altaf J., Qureshi N. A., Siddiqui M. J. I. 2017. Terrestrial snails as bioindicators of environmental degradation. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science 10: 253–264.
 
2.
Aravind N. A., Rajashekhar K. P., Madhyastha N. A. 2005. Species diversity, endemism and distribution of land snails of the Western Ghats, India. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 68: 31–38. https://doi.org/10.18195/issn.....
 
3.
Baur B. 1986. Patterns of dispersion, density and dispersal in alpine populations of the land snail Arianta arbustorum (L.) (Helicidae).  Ecography 9: 117–125. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600....
 
4.
Benson W. H. 1850. XXI. Characters of several new East Indian and South African Helices, with remarks on some other species of the Genus occurring at the Cape of Good Hope. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 5(27): 213–217. https://doi.org/10.1080/037454....
 
5.
Berger B., Dallinger R. 1993. Terrestrial snails as quantitative indicators of environmental metal pollution. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 25: 65–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF0054....
 
6.
Gärdenfors U., Waldén H. W., Wäreborn I. 1995. Effects of soil acidification on forest land snails. Ecological Bulletins 44: 259–270. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2....
 
7.
Gheoca V., Benedek A. M., Schneider E. 2021. Exploring land snails’ response to habitat characteristics and their potential as bioindicators of riparian forest quality. Ecological Indicators 132: 108289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecol....
 
8.
Godwin-Austen H. H. 1901. On the anatomy of the Helix ampulla of Benson, and its generic position in the Ariophantinae. Journal of Molluscan Studies 4: 187–190. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxford....
 
9.
Haro R. J., Gillis R., Cooper S. T. 2004. First report of a terrestrial slug (Arion fasciatus) living in an aquatic habitat. Malacologia 45: 451–452.
 
10.
Hotopp K. P. 2002. Land snails and soil calcium in central Appalachian Mountain forest. Southeastern Naturalist 1: 27–44. https://doi.org/10.1656/1528-7...:.
 
11.
LSASCI]2.0.CO;2.
 
12.
iNaturalist 2022. iNaturalist web page. Available from https://www.inaturalist.org (accessed 9 December 2021).
 
13.
Künkel K. 1916. Die Biologie der Lungenschnecken. Carl Winter, Heidelberg.
 
14.
Madhyastha N. A., Mavinkuruve R. G., Shanbhag S. P. 2004. Land snails of Western Ghats. ENVIS Bulletin: Wildlife and Protected Areas, Conservation of Rainforest in India 4: 143–151.
 
15.
Mavinkurve G., Shanbhag P., Madhyastha N. A. 2005. Description of few land Molluscs from Kodagu district of Karnataka, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 105: 117–125.
 
16.
Meyer III W. M., Ostertag R., Cowie R. H. 2013. Influence of terrestrial molluscs on litter decomposition and nutrient release in a Hawaiian rain forest. Biotropica 45: 719–727. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.12....
 
17.
Raheem D. C., Taylor H., Ablett J., Preece R. C., Aravind N. A., Naggs F. 2014. A systematic revision of the land snails of the Western Ghats of India. Tropical Natural History 4: 1–294. https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/in....
 
18.
Ramakrishna, Mitra S. C. 2002. Endemic land molluscs of India. (Ed. Director, ZSI). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 196: 1–65.
 
19.
Sen S., Ravikanth G., Aravind N. A. 2012. Land snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of India: status, threats and conservation strategies. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4: 3029–3037. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.....
 
20.
Sen S., Shivprakash K. N., Aravind N. A., Ravikanth G., Dayanandan S. 2016. Ecological niche modeling for conservation planning of an endemic snail in the verge of becoming a pest in cardamom plantations in the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot. Ecology and Evolution 6: 6510–6523. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2....
 
21.
Tripathy B., Sajan S. 2020. Mollusca: Gastropoda. In: Chandra K., Raghunathan C., Sureshan P. M., Subramanian K. A., Rizvi A. N. (eds). Faunal diversity of biogeographic zones of India: Western Ghats. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, pp. 613–626.
 
22.
Vattakaven T., George R., Balasubramanian D., Réjou-Méchain M., Muthusankar G., Ramesh B., Prabhakar R. 2016. India Biodiversity Portal: An integrated, interactive and participatory biodiversity informatics platform. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e10279. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.....
 
eISSN:2300-7125
ISSN:1506-7629