Genetic diversity of the freshwater snail Biomphalaria tenagophila (d’Orbigny, 1835) (Gastropoda: Hygrophila: Planorbidae) across two coastal areas of southeast Brazil
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School of Public Health USP, São Paulo, Brazil
University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
Superintendence of Control of Endemic Diseases, São Paulo, Brazil
Submission date: 2018-06-26
Final revision date: 2018-10-25
Acceptance date: 2018-10-27
Publication date: 2018-12-04
Corresponding author
Roseli Tuan   

Superintendence of Control of Endemic Diseases, Rua Paula Sousa 166, 01027-000 São Paulo, Brazil
Folia Malacol. 2018;26(4):221-229
This study uses two mitochondrial (COI, 16SrRNA) and one nuclear marker (ITS2) to explore genetic diversity between populations of B. tenagophila (d’Orbigny), the most common intermediate host for Schistosoma mansoni in southeast Brazil. The snails were collected in freshwater bodies along the southern coastal region of Ribeira do Iguape river basin and along the northern coastal region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The estimates of genetic differentiation between the populations (Φ) indicate that there is no genetic isolation between northern and southern populations. The haplotype diversity observed in B. tenagophila shows a complex pattern of distribution: in the southern region, the genetic variation in B. tenagophila is partitioned into small and more heterogeneous mitochondrial haplotypes, whereas in the northern region there were one to three homogeneous haplotypes. The results may suggest a different colonisation history across the study area.
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