Two new species of Sepia Linnaeus, 1758 (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) from South African waters
More details
Hide details
Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science (DIFS), Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa
South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), 11 Somerset Rd., 6140 Grahamstown, South Africa
Submission date: 2020-05-07
Final revision date: 2020-06-10
Acceptance date: 2020-06-13
Publication date: 2020-07-17
Corresponding author
Marek R. Lipiński   

Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science (DIFS), Rhodes University, P.O. Box 94, 6140 Grahamstown, South Africa
Folia Malacol. 2020;28(3):175-200
A new species of cuttlefish: Sepia barosei sp. nov. is described from South Africa. Its present distribution is limited to the eastern Agulhas Bank (depth range 119–184 m), but this was based on a small material. It is recognised by prominently dorsal eyes and four turrets (papillae on top of each other) dorsally on the head between the eyes. On the dorsal mantle: four large, prominent patches, two mid anteriorly and two mid posteriorly; smaller turrets, patches and/or tubercles and warts dorsally; skin between these structures smooth and shiny. Ends of I pair of arms without suckers. Cuttlebone lightly calcified, thin and fragile. Second new species, Sepia roeleveldi sp. nov. is also described (distribution: from Hondeklip to Port Alfred, depth range 181–497 m), and is recognised by small, flat warts very densely and uniformly covering dorsal mantle, head and arms. Two prominent tubercles covered by warts on dorsal head; one similar tubercle in the middle of dorsal mantle (sometimes missing). Ends of I pair of arms without suckers. Cuttlebone thin and fragile, thinly calcified. Description of these new small cuttlefish has led to proposing a new subgenus Digitosepia with four species. Both holotypes and some paratypes are deposited in the South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB) and other paratypes in the Iziko Museum (SAMC) and the Natural History Museum (NHMUK), London.
Adam W., Rees W. J. 1966. A review of the cephalopod family Sepiidae. Scientific Reports of the John Murray Expedition 11: i–iv, 1–165, plates 1–46.
Allcock A. L., Boletzky S. von, Bonnaud-Ponticelli L., Brunetti N. E., Cazzaninga N. J., Hochberg E., Ivanovic M., Lipinski M. [R.], Marian J. E. A. R., Nigmatullin C., Nixon M., Robin J. P., Rodhouse P. G. K., Vidal E. A. G. 2015. The role of female cephalopod researchers: past and present. Journal of Natural History 49: 1235–1266.
Axelsen B. E., Johnsen E. 2014. An evaluation of the bottom trawl surveys in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem. Fisheries Oceanography 24 (Supplement 1): 74–87.
Lipinski M. R., Leslie R. W. 2018. A new species of Sepia (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) from South African waters with a re-description of Sepia dubia Adam et Rees, 1966. Folia Malacologica 26: 125–147.
Lipinski M. R., Underhill L. G. 1995. Sexual maturation in squid: quantum or continuum? South African Journal of Marine Science 15: 207–223.
Lu C. C. 1998. Use of the sepion in the taxonomy of Sepiidae (Cephalopoda: Sepioidea) with an emphasis on the Australian fauna. In: Voss N. A., Vecchione M., Toll R. B., Sweeney M. J. (eds). Systematics and biogeography of Cephalopods. Vol. I. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 586: 207–214.
Lu C. C., Reid A. 1997. Two new cuttlefishes (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) from the North West Shelf, and a redescription of Sepia sulcata Hoyle, 1885. Records of the Western Australian Museum 18: 277–310.
Roeleveld M. A. 1972. A review of the Sepiidae (Cephalopoda) of Southern Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 59: 193–313.
Roeleveld M. A., Liltved W. R. 1985. A new species of Sepia (Cephalopoda, Sepiidae) from South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 96: 1–18.
Steenstrup J. 1875. Hemisepius, en ny slaegt of Sepia-Bläcksprutternes Familie, Bemaerkinger om Sepia-Formerne. Almindelighed. Kongelike Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter 10: 465–482.
Redescriptions of two species of Sepia (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) from South African waters: Sepia robsoni (Massy, 1927) and S. Faurei Roeleveld, 1972
Marek Lipiński
Folia Malacologica
Morphological disparity in extant and extinct sepiid phragmocones: morphological adaptions for phragmocone strength compared to those related to cameral liquid emptying hypotheses
Peter Ward, Job Veloso, Christian Klug
Swiss Journal of Palaeontology
Detailed Description and Morphological Assessment of Sepia typica (Steenstrup, 1875) (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae)
Robin Leslie, Anthony Richardson, Marek Lipiński
Cuttlefishes (Cephalopoda, Sepiidae): the bare bones—an hypothesis of relationships
Nik Lupše, Amanda Reid, Morag Taite, Tsunemi Kubodera, A. Allcock
Marine Biology
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top