Pseudamnicola exilis (Frauenfeld, 1863) in southern Greece: a remnant of a flock of species (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae)?
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Department of Malacology Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Submission date: 2011-01-24
Acceptance date: 2011-02-23
Publication date: 2011-10-10
Folia Malacol. 2011;19(3):117–129
The morphology of shell, penis, and female reproductive organs was studied in five populations of Pseudamnicola exilis (Frauenfeld) from southern Peloponnese and Kithira Island (Greece). No interpopulationdifferences were found in any of the characters. Thirty eight sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) and nuclear ribosomal 18S RNA genes were analysed. In COI 19 haplotypes, high haplotypy diversity, low nucleotide diversity in each population, and restricted gene flow between populations were found. NCA indicated allopatric fragmentation for all populations, and long-distance colonisation and/or past fragmentation for populations 4 and 5. Mismatch distribution in the most polymorphic population 4 reflected a bottleneck followed by populationgrowth. The values of K2P interpopulation distances, though relatively low, pointed to congeneric distinct species within the Rissooidea. The monophyly of Pseudamnicola/Adrioinsulana clade was confirmed. Most probably the studiedpopulations of Pseudamnicola were part of a flock of vicariant species little differentiated in morphology and ecology, many of which musthave disappeared due to human impact.
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