RESEARCH PAPER
Tanousia zrmanjae (Brusina, 1866) (Caenogastropoda: Truncatelloidea: Hydrobiidae): a living fossil
 
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1
Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic, Regional Office Kokořínsko – Máchův kraj Protected Landscape Area Administration, Mělník, Czech Republic
2
Department of Comparative Anatomy, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
3
Department of Malacology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Andrzej Falniowski   

Department of Malacology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Cracow, Poland
Submission date: 2015-06-10
Final revision date: 2015-08-28
Acceptance date: 2015-09-10
Publication date: 2015-11-16
 
Folia Malacol. 2015;23(4):263–271
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
A living population of Tanousia zrmanjae (Brusina, 1866) was found in the mid section of the Zrmanja River in Croatia. The species, found only in the freshwater part of the river, had been regarded as possibly extinct. A few collected specimens were used for this study. Morphological data confirm the previous descriptions and drawings while molecular data place Tanousia within the family Hydrobiidae, subfamily Sadlerianinae Szarowska, 2006. Two different sister-clade relationships were inferred from two molecular markers. Fossil Tanousia, represented probably by several species, are known from interglacial deposits of the late Early Pleistocene to the early Middle Pleistocene of several European countries. Thus T. zrmanjae may be regarded as a living fossil restricted to the short section of the Zrmanja River.
 
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