Distribution of Monacha claustralis (Rossmässler, 1834) and M. cartusiana (O. F. Müller, 1774) (Eupulmonata: Hygromiidae) in central European and Balkan countries: new data
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Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
Museum of Natural History, University of Wrocław
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw
Submission date: 2018-04-18
Final revision date: 2018-05-01
Acceptance date: 2018-05-11
Publication date: 2018-06-05
Corresponding author
Andrzej Lesicki   

Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 6, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
Folia Malacol. 2018;26(2):103-120
Monacha claustralis (Rossmässler) and M. cartusiana (O. F. Müller) are frequently confused due to their great shell similarity. The only reliable identification of these species can be based on the genital and molecular characters. Based on sequences of two mitochondrial gene (COI and 16SrDNA) fragments we identified the distribution of these species. M. claustralis was recognised as a species spreading northwards from its typical Turkish and Greek localities since its occurrence was discovered in Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina on the basis of anatomical and molecular evidence. Moreover, its several new localities in Poland are reported. The occurrence of M. cartusiana is for the first time molecularly confirmed in Germany, Slovakia, Austria, Croatia and Kosovo, and some new localities are also reported from Poland, Hungary, and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
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