Taxonomic status of Stagnicola palustris
 (O. F. Müller, 1774) and S. turricula (Held, 1836) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae) in view of new molecular and chorological data

Joanna Romana Pieńkowska, e-mail:

Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland

Eliza Rybska

Nature Education and Conservation, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland

Justyna Banasiak, e-mail:

Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland

Maria Wesołowska, e-mail:

Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland

Andrzej Lesicki, e-mail:

Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland

Analyses of nucleotide sequences of 5’- and 3’- ends of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (5’COI, 3’COI) and fragments of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of nuclear rDNA gene confirmed the status of Stagnicola corvus (Gmelin), Lymnaea stagnalis L. and Ladislavella terebra (Westerlund) as separate species. The same results showed that Stagnicola palustris (O. F. Müll.) and S. turricula (Held) could also be treated as separate species, but compared to the aforementioned lymnaeids, the differences in the analysed sequences between them were much smaller, although clearly recognisable. In each case they were also larger than the differences between these molecular features of specimens from different localities of S. palustris or S. turricula. New data on the distribution of S. palustris and S. turricula in Poland showed – in contrast to the earlier reports – that their ranges overlapped. This sympatric distribution together with the small but clearly marked differences in molecular features as well as with differences in the male genitalia between S. palustris and S. turricula strongly support the view that they are separate species and not two subspecies within S. palustris

Key words
Poland; lymnaeids;  COI;  ITS2; sympatric/allopatric distribution; species/subspecies status

Almeyda-Artigas R. J., Bargues M. D., Mas-Coma S. 2000. ITS-2 rDNA sequencing of Gnathostoma species (nematode) and elucidation of the species causing human gnathostomiasis in the Americas. J. Parasitol. 86: 537–544.[0537:IRSOGS]2.0.CO;2

Banasiak J. 2011. Zastosowanie sekwencji barkodowej do weryfikacji jednorodności gatunkowej Lymnaea stagnalis L. MSc thesis, supervisors: A. Lesicki/J. R. Pieńkowska, Department of Cell Biology, AMU, Poznań.

Bargues M. D., Artigas P., Jackiewicz M., Pointier J. P., Mas-Coma S. 2006. Ribosomal DNA ITS-1 sequence analysis of European stagnicoline Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda). Heldia 6(1–2): 57–68.

Bargues M. D., Artigas P., Khoubanne M., Flores R., Glöer P., Rojas-Garcia R., Ashrafi K., Falkner G., Mas-Coma S. 2011. Lymnaea schirazensis, an overlooked snail distorting fascioliasis data: genotype, phenotype, ecology, worldwide spread, susceptibility, applicability. Plos One 6(9): e24567 (1–33).

Bargues M. D., Artigas P., Mera Y Sierra R. L., Pointier J. P., Mas-Coma S. 2007. Characterisation of Lymnaea cubensis, L. viatrix and L. neotropica n. sp., the main vectors of Fasciola hepatica in Latin America, by analysis of their ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 101: 621–641.

Bargues M. D., Horák P., Patzner R. A, Pointier J. P., Jackiewicz M., Meier-Brook C., Mas-Coma S. 2003. Insights into the relationships of Palearctic and Nearctic lymnaeids (Mollusca: Gastropoda) by rDNA ITS-2 sequencing and phylogeny of stagnicoline intermediate host species of Fasciola hepatica. Parasite 10: 243–255.

Bargues M. D., Mangold A. J., Muñoz-Antoli C., Pointier J.-P., Mas-Coma S. 1997. SSU rDNA characterization of lymnaeid snails transmitting human fasciolasis in South and Central America. J. Parasitol. 83: 1086–1092.

Bargues M. D., Mas-Coma S. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of lymnaeid snails based on 18S rDNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 14: 569–577.

Bargues M. D., Mas-Coma S. 2005. Reviewing lymnaeid vectors of fasciolasis by ribosomal DNA sequence analyses. J. Helminthol. 79: 257–267.

Bargues M. D., Mera Y Sierra R. L., Artigas P., Mas-Coma S. 2012. DNA multigene sequencing of topotypic specimens of the fascioliasis vector Lymnaea diaphana and phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pectinidens (Gastropoda). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 107: 111–124.

Bargues M. D., Vigo M., Horák P., Dvorak J., Patzner R. A, Pointier J. P., Jackiewicz M., Meier-Brook C., Mas-Coma S. 2001. European Lymnaeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), intermediate hosts of trematodiases, based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS-2 sequences. Infect. Genet. Evol. 1: 85–107.

Beran L. 2002. First record of Stagnicola fuscus (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from the Czech Republic. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 66: 1–2.

Beran L. 2008. A contribution to distribution of genus Stagnicola and Catascopia (Gastropoda: Lymnaiedae) in the Czech Republic. Malacol. Bohemosl. 7: 7–73.

Bowles J., Blair D., McManus D. 1992. Genetic variants within the genus Schinococcus identified by mitochondrial DNA sequencing. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 54: 165–174.

Carvalho O. S., Cardoso P. C., Lira P. M., Rumi A., Roche A., Berne E., Müller G., Caldeira R. L. 2004. The use of the polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism technique associated with the classical morphology for characterization of Lymnaea columella, L. viatrix, and L. diaphana (Mollusca: Lymnaeidae). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 99: 503–507.

Cichy A. 2013. Rozprzestrzenienie i różnorodność ­przywr­ digenicznych (Trematoda: Digenea) w populacjach wodnych gatunków ślimaków (Gastropoda: Mollusca) z terenu Pojezierza Brodnickiego. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń (Poland).

Correa A. C., Escobar J. C., Durand P., Renaud F., David P., Jarne Ph., Pointier J.-P., Hurtrez-Boussèz S. 2010. Brinding gaps in the molecular phylogeny of the Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata), vectors of fasciolasis. BMC Evol. Biol. 10(381): 1–12.

Čejka T., Dvořák L., Horsák M., Šteffek J. 2007. Checklist of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Slovak Republic. Folia Malacol. 15: 49–58.

De Boer M. G., Stift M., Michel E. 2004. Two highly polymorphic microsatellite loci and inadvertent minisatellite loci for Lymnaea auricularia. J. Mollus. Stud. 70: 95–96.

Falkner G. 1984. Stagnicola palustris (O. F. Müller, 1774) von Originalfundort (Basommatophora, Lymnaeidae). Heldia 1: 15–21.

Falkner G. 1985. Stagnicola turricula (Held), eine selbstständige Art neben Stagnicola palustris (O. F. Müller). Heldia 1: 47–50.

Falkner G. 1995. Present-day knowledge on the systematics of the genus Stagnicola in Europe. In: Guerra A., Rolan E., Rocha F. (eds). Abstracts 12th International Malacological Congress, Vigo, Spain 1995: 378–379.

Falkner G., Bank R., Proschwitz T. von 2001. Checklist of the non-marine molluscan species-group taxa of the states of Northern, Atlantic and Central Europe (CLECOM I). Heldia 4: 1–76.

Falniowski A., Szarowska M. 2011. The genus Daphniola Radoman, 1973 (Caenogastropoda: Hydrobiidae) in the Peloponnese, Greece. Folia Malacol. 19: 131–137.

Falniowski A., Szarowska M., Sirbu I. 2009. Bythinella Moquin-Tandon, 1856 (Gastropoda: Rissooidea: Bythinellidae) in Romania: species richness in a glacial refugium. J. Nat. Hist. 43: 2955–2973.

Felsenstein J. 1995. PHYLIP (Phylogeny Interference package) v. 3.57c. University of Washington.

Garbar A. V. 2001. Kompleksnyi analiz morphologi­cheskikh priznakov predstavitelei roda Lymnaea podrodov Corvusiana i Stagnicola (Pulmonata, Lymnaeidae). Vest. Zool. 35: 15–22.

Garbar A. V., Manilo V. V., Korniushin A. V. 2004. Veroiatnyie napravleniye evolutsii kariotipov evropeiskikh predstavitelei Lymnaeidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata) v svete sovremennykh predstavleniy o filogenii semeystva. Vest. Zool. 38: 29–37.

Glöer P. 2002. Die Süßwassergastropoden Nord- und Mitteleuropas. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 73. Conchbooks, Hackenheim.

Glöer P., Meier-Brook C. 2003. Süßwassermollusken. 13 Ed. Deutscher Jugendbund für Naturbeobachtung, Hamburg.

Georgiev D., Hubenov Z. 2013. The freshwater snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Bulgaria: updated checklist of species and distributional data. Folia Malacol. 21: 237–263.

Hall T. A. 1999. BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp. Ser. 41: 95–98.

Haase M., Wilke T., Mildner P. 2007. Identifying species of Bythinella (Caenogastropoda: Rissooidea): a plea for an integrative approach. Zootaxa 1563: 1–16.

Hebert P. D. N., Cywinska A., Ball S. L., deWaard J. R. 2003. Biological identifications through DNA bardcodes. Proc. Royal Soc. Lond. B 270: 313–321.

Hebert P. D. N., Penton E. H., Burns J. M., Janzen D. H., Hallwachs W. 2004a. Ten species in one: DNA bardcoding reveals cryptic species in the neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 101: 14812–14817.

Hebert P. D. N., Stoeckle M. Y., Zemlak T. S., Francis C. M. 2004b. Identification of birds through DNA barcodes. PLoS Biology 2(10): e354.

Horsák M., Juřičkova L., Picka J. 2013. Měkkýši České a Slovenské republiky – Molluscs of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Nakladatelství Kabourek, Zlin.

Jackiewicz M. 1959. Badania nad zmiennością i stanowiskiem systematycznym Galba palustris (O. F. Müll.). Prace Kom. Biol. PTPN 19: 89–187.

Jackiewicz M. 1988a. Anatomy and taxonomic status of Lymnaea vulnerata (Küster, 1862) (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Bull. Soc. Amis Sci. Lett. Poznań, ser. biol. D 26: 125–128.

Jackiewicz M. 1988b. Stagnicola turricula (Held, 1836) (Gastropoda, Lymnaeidae) – gatunek błotniarki nowy dla fauny Polski. Przegl. Zool. 32: 203–205.

Jackiewicz M. 1989. Galba turricula Held sensu Jackiewicz, 1959 als jüngens Synonym von Stagnicola palustris (O.F. Müll.) (Gastropoda, Basommatophora: Lymnaeidae). Malak. Abh. 14: 1–5.

Jackiewicz M. 1992a. Lymnaea (Stagnicola) occulta (Jackiewicz, 1959) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in Sibirien. Mitt. Dtsch. Malakozool. Gessel. 49: 13–16.

Jackiewicz M. 1992b. Neue Erkenntnisse über Stagnicola turricula (Held, 1836) (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Lymnaeidae). Proceedings of Ninth International Malacological Congress, 31 August – 6 September, 1986, Edinburgh: 180–184.

Jackiewicz M. 1993. Phylogeny and relationships within the European species of the family Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Basommatophora). Folia Malacol. 5: 61–95.

Jackiewicz M. 1996. Concerning Hungarian populations of „Galba palustris“ studied by Kilias (1992) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae). Malak. Abh. 18: 59–67.

Jackiewicz M. 1997. New European locality of Lymnaea (Stagnicola) occulta (Jackiewicz, 1959) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae). Malak. Abh. 18: 255–259.

Jackiewicz M. 1998a. European species of the family Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora: Pulmonata). Genus 9: 1–93.

Jackiewicz M. 1998b. Lymnaea (Stagnicola) occulta (Jackiewicz, 1959) in the Selenga River delta at the Baikal Lake (Siberia) (Gastropoda, Basommatophora, Lymnaeidae). Malak. Abh. 19: 53–57.

Jackiewicz M. 2000. Błotniarki Europy (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae). Wydawnictwo Kontekst, Poznań.

Jackiewicz M., Gerber J. 1990. Eine für due Bundesrepublik Deutschland neue Schlammschnecke: Lymnaea vulnerata Küster 1862 (Gastropoda). Mitt. Dtsch. Malakozool. Gessel. 47: 1–5.

Jakubik B., Lewandowski K. 2011. Molluscs of the Krutynia River (Masurian Lakeland). Folia Malacol. 19: 19–29.

Jørgensen A., Kristensen T. K, Stothard J. R. 2004. An investigation of the “Ancyloplanorbidae” (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Hygrophila): preliminary evidence from DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 32: 778–787.

Jurkiewicz-Karnkowska E. 2004. Malacocoenoses of large lowland dam reservoirs of the Vistula River basin and selected aspects of their function. Folia Malacol. 12: 1–56.

Jurkiewicz-Karnkowska E. 2006. Communities of aquatic molluscs in floodplain water bodies in lowland river (Bug River, East Poland). Pol. J. Ecol. 54: 253–266.

Jurkiewicz-Karnkowska E. 2008. Aquatic mollusc communities in riparian sites of different size, hydrological connectivity and succession stage. Pol. J. Ecol. 56: 99–118.

Juřičková L., Horsák M., Beran L. 2001. Check-list of the mollusks (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 65: 25–40.

Kane R. A., Stothard J. R., Emery A. M., Rollinson D. 2008. Molecular characterization of freshwater snails in the genus Bulinus: a role for barcodes? Parasite. Vector. 1: 1–15.

Källersjö M., Proschwitz T. von, Lundberg S., Eldenäs P., Erséus C. 2005. Evaluation of ITS rDNA as a complement to mitochondria gene sequences for phylogenetic studies in freshwater mussels: an example using Unionidae from north-western Europe. Zool. Scr. 34: 415–424.

Khokhutkin I. M., Vinarski M. V., Grebennikov M. E. 2009. Mollyuski Urala i prilegayushchikh territoriy: semyestvo prudovikovye Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Lymnaeiformes), Chast I. Rossiyskaya Akademya Nauk, Ekaterinburg.

Kilias R. 1992. Vergleichend-anatomische Untersuchungen an “Galba palustris (O. F. Müller)” von ungarischen Fundorten als Beitrag zur palustris-Problematik (Gastropoda, Basommatophora: Lymnaeidae). Malak. Abh. 16: 25–29.

Kimura M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J. Mol. Evol. 16: 111–120.

Knott K. E., Puurtinen M., Kaitala V. 2003. Primers for nine microsatellite loci in the hermaphroditic snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Mol. Ecol. Not. 3: 333–335.

Koralewska-Batura E. 1992. Mięczaki (Mollusca) Wielkopolski. Wyd. Naukowe UAM, ser. Zoologia 18: 1–41.

Kruckenhauser L., Duda M., Bartel D., Sattman H., Harl J., Kirchner S., Haring E. 2014. Paraphyly and budding speciation in the hairy snail (Pulmonata, Hygromiidae). Zool. Scripta 43: 273–288.

Kruglov N. D. 2005. Mollyuski semeystva prudovikov (Lymnaeidae Gastropoda Pulmonata) Evropy i severnoy Azyi. Izdatelstvo SGPU, Smolensk.

Loaiza J. R., Scott M. E., Bermingham E., Sanjur O. I., Rovira J. R., Dutari L. C., Linton Y.-M., Bickersmith S., Conn J. E. 2013. Novel genetic diversity within Anopheles punctimacula s.l.: phylogenetic discrepancy between the barcode cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene and the rDNA second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2). Acta Trop. 128: 61–69.

Löytynoja A., Goldman N. 2008. Phylogeny – aware gap placement prevents errors in sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis. Science 320: 1632–1635.

Lewin I., Cebula J. 2002. New localities of Lymnaea (Stagnicola) turricula (Held, 1836) in Poland (Gastropoda: Basommatophora: Lymnaeidae). In: Pokryszko B. M. The 18th Polish Malacological Seminar – what do we do? Folia Malacol. 10: 38.

Lewin I., Cebula J. 2003. New localities of Stagnicola turricula (Held, 1836) in Poland (Gastropoda; Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae). Malak. Abh. 21: 69–74.

Lewin I., Smoliński A. 2006. Rare, threatened and alien species in the gastropod communities in the clay pit ponds in relation to the environmental factors (The Ciechanowska Upland, Central Poland). Biodivers. Conserv. 15: 3617–3635.

Meier-Brook C., Bargues M. D. 2002. Catascopia, a new genus for three nearctic and one palearctic Stagnicola species (Gastropoda, Lymnaeidae). Folia Malacol. 10: 83–84.

Nekhaev I. O. 2011. Geographic distribution features of subgenus and life forms of Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in Eastern Europe. Biology Bull. 38: 406–411.

Nowak A., Żbikowska E. 2009. Bird schistosomes and other digenetic trematodes in the populations of freshwater snails from Brodnickie Lakeland (Poland). The 3rd Workshop on Bird Schistosomes and Cercarial Dermatitis, Czech Republic, Rejckov: 14.

Perez K. E., Ponder W. F., Colgan D. J., Clark S. A., Lydeard C. 2005. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of spring-associated hydrobiid snails of the Great Artesian Basin, Australia. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 34: 545–556.

Pfenninger M., Cordellier M., Streit B. 2006. Comparing the efficacy of morphological and DNA-based taxonomy in the freshwater gastropod genus Radix (Basommatophora, Pulmonata). BMC Evol. Biol. 6(100): 1–14.

Piechocki A. 1972. Fauna Niebieskich Źródeł – mięczaki wodne (Mollusca). Zesz. Nauk. Uniw. Łódz. Ser. II 46: 81–90.

Piechocki A. 2000. Freshwater mollusc fauna of the Niebieskie Źródła nature reserve near Tomaszów Mazowiecki (Central Poland). Acta Univ. Lodz. Folia Limnol. 7: 47–58.

Piechocki A., Szlauer-Łukaszewska A. 2013. Molluscs of the middle and lower Odra: the role of river in the expansion of alien species in Poland. Folia Malacol. 21: 73–86.

Pieńkowska J. R., Manganelli G., Giusti F., Lesicki A. 2015. Monacha claustralis (Rossmässler, 1834) new to Polish and Czech malacofauna (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Hygromiidae). J. Conchol. (in print).

Pieńkowska J. R., Rybska E., Lesicki A. 2008a. Preliminary results of lymnaeid identification with DNA barcoding. In: Pokryszko B. M. The 24th Polish Malacological Seminar. Folia Malacol. 16: 243.

Pieńkowska J. R., Rybska E., Lesicki A. 2008b. Taxonomic status of five European lymnaeid species on the basis of DNA barcoding. 5th Congress of the European Malacological Societes, S. Miguel, Azores 2-6 September 2008, Book of Abstracts: 76–77.

Proćków M., Mackiewicz P., Pieńkowska J. R. 2013. Genetic and morphological studies of species status for poorly known endemic Trochulus phorochaetius (Bourguignat, 1864) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Hygromiidae), and its comparison with closely related taxa. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 169: 124–143.

Puslednik L., Ponder W. F., Dowton M., Davis A. R. 2009. Examining the phylogeny of the Australian Lymnaeidae (Heterobranchia: Pulmonata: Gastropoda) using mitochondrial, nuclear and morphological markers. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 52: 643–659.

Remigio E. A. 2002. Molecular phylogenetic relationships in the aquatic snail genus Lymnaea, the intermediate host of the causative agent of fasciolasis: insights from broader taxon sampling. Parasitol. Res. 88: 687–696.

Remigio E. A., Blair D. 1997a. Molecular systematics of the freshwater snail family Lymnaeidae (Pulmonata: Basommatophora) utilising mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. J. Mollus. Stud. 63: 173–185.

Remigio E. A., Blair D. 1997b. Relationships among problematic North American stagnicoline snails (Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae) reinvestigated using nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcibed spacer sequences. Can. J. Zool. 75: 1540–1545.

Remigio E. A., Hebert P. D. N. 2003. Testing the utility of partial COI sequences for phylogenetic estimates of gastropod relationships. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 29: 641–647.

Rundell R. J., Holland B. S., Cowie R. H. 2004. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the endemic Hawaiian Succineidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 31: 246–255.

Rybska E., Lesicki A. 2005. New localities of Stagnicola palustris and S. turricula in Poland and their taxonomic status. In: Pokryszko B. M. The 21st Polish Malacological Seminar. Folia Malacol. 13: 133.

Rybska E., Pacak A., Szweykowska-Kulińska Z., Lesicki A. 2000a. Taxonomy of European Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in studies with the use of molecular biology techniques. I. Preliminary view on the subgenus Stagnicola Leach, 1830 on the basis of RAPD analysis. Folia Malacol. 8: 277–284.

Rybska E., Pacak A., Szweykowska-Kulińska Z., Lesicki A. 2000b. Taxonomic status of member of the subgenus Stagnicola in the light of RAPD results. In: Pokryszko B. M.: The 16th Polish Malacological Seminar – What do we do? Folia Malacol. 8: 295.

Rybska E., Pacak A., Szweykowska-Kulińska Z., Lesicki A. 2008. RAPD markers as a tool for analysis of relationships among selected species of Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Folia Malacol. 16: 39–51.

Saitou N., Nei M. 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4: 406–425.

Schniebs K., Glöer P., Georgiev D., Hundsdoerfer A. K. 2012. First record of Stagnicola montenegrinus Gloer & Pesic, 2009 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) in Bulgaria and its taxonomic relationship to other European lymnaeids based on molecular analysis. North-Western J. Zool. 8: 164–171.

Schniebs K., Glöer P., Vinarski M., Hundsdoerfer A. 2011. Intraspecific morphological and genetic variability in Radix balthica (Linnaeus 1758) (Gastropoda: Basommatophora: Lymnaeidae) with morphological comparison of other European Radix species. J. Conchol. 40: 657–678.

Skowrońska-Ochmann K., Cuber P., Lewin I. 2012. The first record and occurrence of Stagnicola turricula (Held, 1836) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae) in Upper Silesia (Southern Poland) in relation to different environmental factors. Zool. Anz. 251: 357–363.

Stothard J. R., Bremond P., Andriamaro L., Loxton N. J., Sellin B., Sellin E., Rollinson D. 2000. Molecular characterization of the freshwater snail Lymnaea natalensis (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) on Madagascar with an observation of an unusual polymorphism in ribosomal small subunit genes. J. Zool. 252: 303–315.

Stothard J. R., Rollinson D. 1997. Partial DNA sequences from the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene can differentiate the intermediate hosts Bulinus globosus and B. nasutus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae). J. Nat. Hist. 31: 727–737.

Szarowska M. 2006. Molecular phylogeny, systematic and morphological character evolution in the Balkan Rissooidea (Caenogastropoda). Folia Malacol. 14: 99–168.

Szarowska M., Hofman S., Falniowski A. 2013. Vinodolia fiumana Radoman, 1973 (Caenogastropoda: Rissoidea): rediscovery and relationships of a species presumed extinct. Folia Malacol. 21: 135–142.

Szarowska M., Hofman S., Osikowski A., Falniowski A. 2014. Pseudorientalia Radoman, 1973 (Caenogastropoda: Rissooidea) on Samos Island, Aegean Sea. Folia Malacol. 22: 11–20.

Tamura K., Dudley J., Nei M., Kumar S. 2007. MEGA4: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24: 1596–1599.

Tamura K., Nei M., Kumar S. 2004. Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies by using the neighbor-joining method. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 101: 11030–11035.

Thompson J. D., Higgings D. G., Gibson T. J. 1994. CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Res. 22: 4673–4680.

Trouvé S., Degen L., Meunier C., Tirard C., Hurtrez-Boussés S., Durand P., Guégan J. F., Goudet J., Renaud F. 2000. Microsatellites in the hermaphroditic snail, Lymnaea truncatula, intermediate host of the liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica. Mol. Ecol. 9: 1662–1664.

Vinarski M. V. 2003. The systematic position of Lymnaea vulnerata (Küster, 1862) and L. occulta (Jackiewicz, 1959) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae). Zoosystem. Ross. 12: 23–27.

Vinarski M. V. 2012. The lymnaeid genus Catascopia Meier-Brook et Bargues, 2002 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae), its synonymy and species composition. Invert. Zool. 9: 91–104.

Vinarski M. V. 2013. One, two, or several? How many lymnaeid genera are there? Ruthenica 23: 41–58.

Vinarski M. V., Glöer P. 2008. Taxonomic notes on Euro-Siberian freshwater molluscs. 3. Galba occulta Jackiewicz, 1959 is a junior synonym of Limnaea palustris var. terebra Westerlund, 1885. Mollusca 26: 175–185.

Vinarski M. V., Schniebs K., Glöer P., Hundsdoerfer A. 2011. The taxonomic status and phylogenetic relationships of the genus Aenigmomphiscola Kruglov et Starobogatov, 1981 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae). J. Nat. Hist. 45: 2049–2068.

Vinarski M. V., Schniebs K., Glöer P., Son M. O., Hundsdoerfer A. K. 2012. The steppe relics: taxonomic study on two lymnaeid species endemic to the former USSR (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae). Arch. Moll. 141: 67–85.

Welter-Schultes F. W. 2012. European non-marine molluscs, a guide for species identification. Planet Poster Editions, Göttingen.

Wesołowska M. 2010. Zmienność genetyczna ślimaków z rodziny Lymnaeidae. MSc thesis, supervisors: A. Lesicki / J. R. Pieńkowska, Department of Cell Biology, AMU, Poznań.

Zein-Eddine R., Djuikwo-Teukeng F. F., Al-Jawhari M., Senghor B., Huyse T., Dreyfuss G. 2014. Phylogeny of seven Bulinus species originating from endemic areas in three African coutries, in relation to the human blood fluke Schistosoma haematobium. BMC Evol. Biol. 14(271):  1–12.

Folia Malacologica (2015) 23: 3-18
First published on-line: 2015-03-04 10:48:54
Full text (.PDF) BibTeX Mendeley Back to list