RESEARCH PAPER
A possible phoretic relationship between snails and amphibians
Krzysztof Kolenda 1  
,   Anna Najbar 1  
,   Natalia Kuśmierek 2  
,   Tomasz K. Maltz 3  
 
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1
Department of Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Vertebrates, Wrocław University
2
Department of Parasitology, Wroclaw University
3
Museum of Natural History, Wrocław University
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Krzysztof Kolenda   

Department of Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Vertebrates, Wrocław University, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wrocław, Poland
Submission date: 2017-09-29
Final revision date: 2017-10-12
Acceptance date: 2017-10-16
Publication date: 2017-11-20
 
Folia Malacol. 2017;25(4):281–285
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
We describe five observations of possible phoretic relationship between snails and amphibians in south-western Poland: two individuals of European tree frog Hyla arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) with juvenile snails attached to various parts of their bodies, common toad Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) with copse snail Arianta arbustorum (Linnaeus, 1758), pair of common toads in amplexus with two individuals of Balea sp. or Laciniaria plicata (Draparnaud, 1801), and common toad with succineid species eggs and developing snail embryos attached to them. These are the first such observations ever.
 
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