Reproductive biology and growth of two Vallonia species in laboratory conditions (Gastropoda: Eupulmonata: Valloniidae)
More details
Hide details
Department of Invertebrate Systematics and Ecology, Institute of Biology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Museum of Natural History, Wrocław University, Poland
Submission date: 2016-08-12
Final revision date: 2016-10-05
Acceptance date: 2016-10-09
Publication date: 2016-12-05
Corresponding author
Elżbieta Kuźnik-Kowalska   

Department of Invertebrate Systematics and Ecology, Institute of Biology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631 Wrocław, Poland
Folia Malacol. 2016;24(4):265-273
Reproduction and growth of Vallonia pulchella (O. F. Müller) and V. costata (O. F. Müller) were studied in laboratory conditions. Their ellipsoid and singly laid eggs are among the smallest heavily calcified (mean size 0.68×0.67×0.52 and 0.69×0.67×0.54 mm in V. pulchella and V. costata, respectively). V. pulchella reached morphological maturity (lip completion) at 3.25–3.50 whorls (mean 3.35), 49 to 166 days after hatching (85). The first egg (sexual maturity) was laid at 3.25–3.50 whorls (3.35), 50–283 days after hatching (162). The life span ranged from 628 to 940 days (779), the time elapsing between the last egg and death was 12–184 days (111). In V. costata the lip was completed at 3.25–3.50 whorls (3.37), 42 to 183 days after hatching (120). The first egg was laid at 3.25–3.50 whorls (3.42), 131–290 days after hatching (193). The life span ranged from 360 to 841 days (709) and the time elapsing between the last egg and death was 11–692 days (210). The egg production rate and juvenile life span in individuals kept in isolation were the same as in those kept in pairs or larger groups. The growth pattern was similar in the two species: fast phase followed by slow phase. However, the formation of ribs on the shell surface of V. costata probably slowed down its growth rate. The life history traits shared by the two Vallonia species are determined growth, iteroparity, longevity and predominantly selfing reproductive mode. The greater lifetime fecundity, shorter incubation period, faster growth and longer life span predestine V. pulchella to be a better coloniser than V. costata.
Akramowski N. N. 1976. Mollyuski (Mollusca). Akademiya Nauk Armyanskoy SSR, Erevan.
Barker G. M. 1985. Aspects of the biology of Vallonia excentrica (Mollusca – Vallonidae) in Waikato pastures. In: Chapman R. B. (ed.). Proceedings of the 4th Australasian Conference on Grassland Invertebrate Ecology. Caxton Press, Christchurch: 64–70.
Barga-Więcławska J. 1997. Sukcesja ślimaków na hałdach regionu świętokrzyskiego. Wydawnictwo WSP, Kielce.
Baucz-Malij B. 2001. Zadrzewienia śródpolne jako refugia malakofauny w krajobrazie przekształconym przez człowieka. Ph. D. thesis, Wrocław University.
Baur B. 1989. Growth and reproduction in the minute land snail Punctum pygmaeum (Draparnaud). J. Mollus. Stud. 55: 383–387.­mol....
Bengtsson J., Baur B. 1993. Do pioneers have r-selected traits? Life history patterns among colonizing terrestrial gastropods. Oecologia 94: 17–22.­/10.1007/BF0....
Boycott A. 1917. The genitalia of Acanthinula aculeata. Proc. Malacol. Soc. London 12: 221–226.
Bulman K. 1990. Life history of Carychium tridentatum (Risso, 1826) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Ellobiidae) in the laboratory. J. Conchol. 33: 321–333.
Ehrmann P. 1933. Mollusken (Weichtiere). In: Brohmer P., Ehrmann P., Ulmer G. (eds). Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas Vol. II., Lief 1, Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig.
Frömming E. 1954. Biologie der mitteleuropäischen Landgastropoden. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin.
Gassies J. B. 1849. Tableau méthodique et descriptif des mollusques terrestres et d’eau douce de l’Agenais. Baillière, Paris, Agen.
Gerber J. 1996. Revision der Gattung Vallonia Risso, 1826 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Valloniidae). Schr. Malakozool. Haus. Nat. Cismar 8: 1–227.
Germain L. 1930. Mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles (première partie). Faune de France 21: 1–477.
Gittenberger E. 1977. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Pupillacea VII. Über zwei wenig bekannte Valloniidae. Zool. Meded. 50: 295–301.
Giusti F., Manganelli G. 1986. Notulae malacologicae, XXXIII. ‘Helix’ sororcula Benoit 1859 and its relationships to the genera Vallonia Risso and Planogyra Morse (Pulmonata: Pupilloidea). Arch. Molluskenkd. 116: 157–181.
Griffiths O. L., Florens V. F. B. 2006. A field guide to the non-marine molluscs of the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues) and the northern dependencies of Mauritius. Bioculture Press, Mauritius.
Gugler C. W. 1963. The eggs and egg-laying habits of some midwest land snails. Trans. Kans. Acad. Sci. 66: 195–201.
Heller J. 1990. Longevity in molluscs. Malacologia 31: 259–295.
Heller J. 2001. Life history strategies. In: Barker G. M. (ed.). The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, New Zealand, pp. 413–445.
Heller J., Sivan N., Hodgson A. N. 1997. Reproductive biology and population dynamics of an ovoviviparous land snail Lauria cylindracea (Pupillidae). J. Zool. 243: 263–280.
Herbert D. G. 2010. The introduced terrestrial Mollusca of South Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 15. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Horsák M., Chytrý M., Danihelka J., Koči M., Kubešová S., Lososová Z., Otýpková Z., Tichý L. 2010. Snail faunas of the Southern Ural forests and their relations to vegetation: an analogue of the Early Holocene assemblages of Central Europe? J. Mollus. Stud. 76: 1–10.
Iskrzyńska E. 1986. Biologia Vallonia costata (O. F. Müller 1774) i Vallonia pulchella (O. F. Müller 1774) (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Valloniidae). MSc Thesis. Museum of Natural History, University of Wrocław.
Kerney M. P. 1999. Atlas of the land and freshwater molluscs of Britain and Ireland. Harley Books, Colchester.
Kosińska M. 1979. Mięczaki Wrocławia. Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis 437, Prace Zoologiczne 9: 13–40.
Kuźnik-Kowalska E. 1999. Life cycle and population dynamics of Discus rotundatus (O. F. Müller, 1774) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Endodontidae). Folia Malacol. 7: 5–17.
Kuźnik-Kowalska E. 2006. Life cycle of Discus ­rude­ratus (Férussac, 1821) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Endo­donti­dae). Folia Malacol. 14: 35–46.­/10.12657/fo....
Kuźnik-Kowalska E., Roksela A. 2009. Life cycle of Perforatella bidentata (Gmelin, 1791) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Helicidae). Folia Malacol. 17: 199–214.
Maltz T. K. 2003. Life cycle and population dynamics of Helicodonta obvoluta (O. F. Müller, 1774) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Helicidae). Folia Malacol. 11: 63–88.
Maltz T. K. 2009. Charpentieria (Itala) ornata (Rossmässler, 1836) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Clausiliidae) on the northern fringes of its range – a nationally endangered species surviving due to human activities. J. Conchol. 39: 627–642.
Maltz T. K. 2011. Molluscan fauna of abandoned crystalline limestone quarry in Rogóżka (Lower Silesia, Krowiarki range, Stronie Śląskie commune). Folia Malacol. 19: 139–153.
Maltz T. K., Sulikowska-Drozd A. 2008. Life cycles of clausiliids of Poland – knowns and unknowns. Ann. Zool. 58: 857–880.­/10.3161/000....
Mazzini M., Callaini G., Mencarelli C.1984. A comparative analysis of the evolution of the egg envelopes and the origin of the yolk. Boll. Zool. 51: 1–2, 35–101.
Mitra S., Dey A., Ramakrishna 2005. Pictorial handbook – Indian land snails. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.
Morton J. E. 1954. Notes on the ecology and annual cycle of Carychium tridentatum at Box Hill. Proc. Malac. Soc. Lond. 31: 30–46.
Myzyk S. 2005. Egg structure of some vertiginid species (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Vertiginidae). Folia Malacol. 13: 169–175.
Myzyk S. 2011. Contribution to the biology of ten vertiginid species. Folia Malacol. 19: 55–80.­/10.2478/v10....
Pokryszko B. M. 1990. Life history and population dynamics of Vertigo pusilla O. F. Müller (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Vertiginidae), with some notes on shell and genital variability. Ann. Zool. 43: 407–432.
Pokryszko B. M. 2001. Observations on seasonal dynamics of age structure and reproduction of Pupilla muscorum L. (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Pupillidae). Folia Malacol. 9: 45–50.
Proćków M., Drvotová M., Juřičková L., Kuźnik-Kowalska E. 2013. Field and laboratory studies on the life-cycle, growth and feeding preference in the hairy snail Trochulus hispidus (L., 1758) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Hygromiidae). Biologia 68: 131–141.
Roll U., Dayan T., Simberloff D., Mienis H. K. 2009. Non-indigenous land and freshwater gastropods in Israel. Biol. Invasions 11: 1963–1972.­/10.1007/s10....
Sasaki T. 2008. Micromolluscs in Japan: taxonomic composition, habitats, and future topics. Zoosymposia 1: 147–232.
Schileyko A. A. 1984. Nazemnye mollyuski podotryada Pupillina fauny SSSR (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Geophila). Fauna SSSR, Mollyuski 3, 3. Nauka Publ., Leningrad.
Standen R. 1917. On the calcareous eggs of terrestrial mollusca. J. Conchol. 15: 154–164.
Stanisic J. 1998. Family Valloniidae. In: Beesley P. L., Ross G. J. B., Wells A. (eds). Mollusca: the southern synthesis. Part B. Fauna of Australia, Vol. 5. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 1085–1086.
Steenberg C. M. 1918. Anatomie des Acanthinula et des Vallonia. Les organes genitaux. Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk. naturb. foren. 69: 1–15.
Sterki V. 1893. Observations on Vallonia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 45: 234–279.
Sulikowska-Drozd A., Maltz T. K. 2013. Oviparous reproduction of Vestia ranojevici moravica confirms taxonomic value of life history characters in Carpathian clausiliids (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Biologia 68: 687–695.
Tompa A. S. 1976. A comparative study of the ultra­structure and mineralogy of calcified land snail eggs (Pulmonata: Stylommatophora). J. Morphol. 150: 861–887.
Watson H. 1920. The affinities of Pyramidula, Patulastra, Acanthinula, and Vallonia. Proc. Malacol. Soc. London 14: 6–30.
Welter-Schultes F. W. 2012. European non-marine molluscs, a guide for species identification. Planet Poster Editions, Göttingen.
Whitney M. E. 1938. Some observations on the reproductive cycle of a common land snail, Vallonia pulchella, influence of environmental factors. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 47: 299–307.
Whitney M. E. 1941. The hermaphrodite gland and germ cells of Vallonia pulchella Mull. Pap. Mich. Acad. Sci. 26: 311–338.
The Middle and Late Pleniglacial (Weichselian) malacofauna of the Zemun loess–paleosol sequence, Serbia
Bojan Gavrilović, Pál Sümegi, Miloš Ćirić, Milica Radaković, Milivoj Gavrilov, Dragan Mlađan, Slobodan Marković
Egg Grooming inValloniaSnails — Anti-Parasite Defence or Trophic Behaviour?
Elżbieta Kuźnik-Kowalska, Małgorzata Proćków, Elżbieta Pląskowska, Beata Pokryszko
Polish Journal of Ecology
Taxonomic and functional diversity of land snails reflects habitat complexity in riparian forests
Voichița Gheoca, Ana Benedek, Erika Schneider
Scientific Reports
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top